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Category:   1918-1940 Postals   Group:    The First Constituent Assembly issue



Issue A B C
Sample 134lvmnh.jpg (59791 bytes)
Scott # 70 / 73 90 134


    On November 18th, 1918 the Latvian Provisional National Council had declared the independence of Latvia, and appointed J. Cakste as president, and K. Ulmanis as Prime Minister.  The Povisional Council became henceforth the Latvian National Council, the highest political institution of Latvia.  In January 1920 the Soviet Latvian forces had been ultimately defeated and had withdrawn from the Latvian territory.  On February 1st, 1920 an armistice was concluded between the National Republic of Latvia and the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR).  The peace treat was concluded subsequently on August 11th 1920 in Riga.

    From February 1920 onwards Latvian territory was free of enemies.  The freely elected Latvian Constituent Assembly of 150 Members convened on May 1st, 1920 J Cakste was elected President of the Assembly and of the Republic, and K. Ulmanis was commissioned to form a Cabinet of Ministers.  The Constitutional Assembly executed full power till November 7th, 1922, the date of the opening of the first Parliament (Latvian : saeima) session.  On May 29th, 1920 the Constitutional Assembly proclaimed Latvia a sovereign and independent democratic republic whose sovereignty is inherent in the nation.

    To commemorate this historical event, between April 30th and May 17th 1920 the four postage stamps (A) were issued of identical design.  The stamps show a woman in national costume (Mother Latvia) guiding personally the nation at the helm of the ship of state.  Exactly the same design appears on the 50 Santim coin issued in 1922.  The size of the impression is 25 X 29.5 mm, and of the perforated stamp appr. 29 x 34.  Small quantities of the 50 Kap. and 1 RBl. stamp were not perforated.  The stamps were printed in sheets 24 x 10 = 240 stamps.  There were two surcharge issues.  All data on all three issues are shown in above table.